A shift in regional focus from post WWII globalization
The interwar periods saw immense amount of protectionism as countries folded back into themselves and sought self-suffiency after a very open and trade focused world of the 1800s. After WWII the US focused on opening up Europes borders once again, with the help of the Marshal Plan and the Bretton Woods Institutions. Now that Europe and the US are for a large part open (at least with each other) the focus has turned to the rest of the world, Africa included.
Sources:South Africa Node July 2010, pg. 3
Trade Liberalization Does Not Always Lead to Gender Equality
Proponents of trade liberalization and economic globalization have often claimed such policies lead to increased equality for women. Evidence in Sub-Saharan Africa, however, has been mixed so far. Millennium Project South Africa Node writes the following:
Sources:Millennium Project South Africa Node March 2010, pages 8