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Organic Rice Farming in Thailand as a Method to Escape Debt Entrapment

IFTF writes that in the face of an intensifying debt cycle, many rice farmers are moving toward organic agriculture away from the industrial methods of rice production that depend on hybrid seeds, fertilizer, agricultural machinery, and other high production costs. These high production costs often leave razor thin margins for farmers, compelling them to borrow for the next season, creating a debt cycle that squeezes farmers even while rice production in Thailand as a whole improves.

3
Average: 3 (3 votes)
 

Sources:

Strategic Foresight Group, Dec 2010, page 18:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_Dec2010.pdf#page=18

‘The real life of Thai rice farmers who produce to feed the world.’ Thailandreform.net. 23 August, 2010: http://www.thailandreform.net/data/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=77:thereal-
life-of-thai-rice-farmers-who-produce-to-feed-the-world&catid=95:article&Itemid=9

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Thai Rice Farmers Experimenting with Sustainable Agricultural Practices

In the face of global price fluctuations and severe weather, rice farmers in Thailand have begun diversifying their crops and re-using plant material in their agricultural practices.

3
Average: 3 (3 votes)
 

Sources:

Strategic Foresight Group, Dec 2010, page 18:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_Dec2010.pdf#page=18

Kawasaki, Jitana. ‘Thailand’s rice farmers adapt to Climate Change.’ Our World. 24 May, 2010: http://ourworld.unu.edu/en/climate-change-adaptation-for-thailands-rice-farmers/

‘Change in the weather spells trouble for rice farmers.’ Bangkok Post. 7 February, 2010: http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/investigation/32497/change-in-the-weather-spells-troublefor-rice-farmers

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Effectiveness of hybrid rice overhyped?

Hybrid rice has been touted as a means to increase rice yield, bring food security, and increase the livelihood of farmers; however, there is much evidence that this has not been the case.

NISTPASS writes, “The hype around hybrid rice is to be expected: there is a lot of money to be made from it. But this is not from the harvests of Chinese farmers in the Yuanyang terraces, or Vietnamese farmers around the Red River Delta, or Filipino farmers in Central Luzon. Rarely has that happened

3
Average: 3 (1 vote)
 

Sources:

NISTPASS, Nov 2010 page 7,8:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Nov2010.pdf#page=7

Why hybrid rice continues to fail Asia's small farmers.
http://www.grain.org/o/?id=100

Tran Duc Vien and Nguyen Thi Duong Nga, “Economic impact of hybrid rice in Vietnam an initial assessment,” Hanoi University of Agriculture, 2009, http://www.cares.org.vn./webplus/Article/ECONOMIC%20IMPACT%20OF%20HYBRID%20RICE%20IN%20VIETNAM.pdf

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SRI a possible alternative to hybrid rice

The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is being researched as a method of rice cultivation that can produce high yields, reduce long-term resource requirements, and lessen contribution to climage change.

NISTPASS writes,

2.67
Average: 2.7 (3 votes)
 

Sources:

NISTPASS, Nov 2010 page 9:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Nov2010.pdf#page=9

Rice harvesting of SRI at Citarum watershed: http://pla.deptan.go.id/berita_detail.php?id=39

SRI methods increased rice production by 78%: http://www.antaranews.com/print/?i=1200464644

RI increased yield and reduced water need:
http://tep.tp.ugm.ac.id/id/content/system-riceintensification-
sri-meningkatkan-produksi-danmenghemat-air

Mathematical model of rice growth under SRI:
http://tep.tp.ugm.ac.id/id/blog/mathematical-model-ricegrowth-
cultivated-sri-method.html

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Farmers rejecting hybrid rice

In the face of hollow promises and the vulnerabilities of hybrid rice production, many farmers are rejecting hybrid rice.

NISTPASS provides some examples:

"The Philippines is one of the earliest adopters of hybrid rice technology, having been IRRI’s host country for the last 50 years, but as early as 2000, the majority of farmers were unwilling to plant hybrid rice, despite the subsidies, because they find it more difficult to cultivate and inferior in terms of grain price, profitability, consumer demand, and head rice recovery.

2.67
Average: 2.7 (3 votes)
 

Sources:

NISTPASS, Nov 2010 page 7,8:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Nov2010.pdf#page=7

Why hybrid rice continues to fail Asia's small farmers.
http://www.grain.org/o/?id=100

Tran Duc Vien and Nguyen Thi Duong Nga, “Economic impact of hybrid rice in Vietnam an initial assessment,” Hanoi University of Agriculture, 2009, http://www.cares.org.vn./webplus/Article/ ECONOMIC%20IMPACT%20OF%20 HYBRID%20RICE%20IN%20VIETNAM.pdf

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Privatization of hybrid rice industry

Large private companies are increasingly playing a dominant role in hybrid rice production, often with the blessing and support of national governments.

NISTPASS writes,

3
Average: 3 (1 vote)
 

Sources:

NISTPASS, Nov 2010 page 5, 6:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Nov2010.pdf#page=5

SeedQuest, “DuPont partners with Indonesian Center for Rice Research to advance hybrid rice,” March 16 2009, http://www.seedquest.com/News/releases/2009/march/2548
2.html

Why hybrid rice continues to fail Asia's small farmers.
http://www.grain.org/o/?id=100

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China moving to control rice production industry

Through various hybrid seed programs domestically and abroad, China seems to be moving to cultivate and control regional food production systems.

NISTPASS writes,

2.01
Average: 2 (1 vote)
 

Sources:

NISTPASS, Sept 2010 page 5-8:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Sept2010.pdf#page=5

Why hybrid rice continues to fail Asia's small farmers. http://www.grain.org/o/?id=100

Jamil Anderlini, “China eyes overseas land in food push” Financial Times, May 8, 2008, http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/cb8a989a-1d2a-11dd-82ae-
000077b07658.html?nclick_check=1

International Exchange Center, “China-East Timor Agricultural Cooperation on Hybrid Rice Technology” July 31, 2009, http://www.hybrice.com/en/IntroItem.asp?IntroID=12

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Hybrid Rice emerging as strategy for food security in Asia

Many countries in Asia are pushing hybrid rice as a means to meet rising domestic food demands and increase internal and global food security.

NISTPASS writes,

2.01
Average: 2 (1 vote)
 

Sources:

NISTPASS, Nov 2010 page 2-5:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Nov2010.pdf#page=2

CHINA DAILY. China to finish work on new hybrid rice
in 2012 http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2010- 06/21/content_9995930.htm

CHINA DAILY. Hybrid rice shows China's agricultural progress on parade http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/business/60th/2009- 10/01/content_8760097.htm

IRRI. India enters the hybrid rice era
http://www.riceworld.org/irrc/hybridrice/india.asp

Development of Hybrid Rice in India
http://agricultureonblog.blogspot.com/2009/11/development-of-hybrid-rice-in-india.html

Philippines to boost hybrid rice production
http://www.commodityonline.com/news/Philippines-to-boost-hybrid-rice-production-29617-3-1.html
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