Organized crime becoming ubiquitous in poor urban communities and increasingly powerful thanks to a global economy
Organized crime is becoming increasingly globally connected and more powerful. In their capacity to grow they are changing the rules of daily life for poor communities in urban centers. Organized crime units are providing social services for communities where government has failed to do so, and at the same time are becoming increasingly embedded in everyday life of poor urban communities globally.
Sources:South Africa Node April 2011, pgs. 6-7
Erin Torkelson’s opinion piece:
Regional organized crime networks outmaneuver existing national response strategies
Organized crime in Latin America has grown in power, reach, and flexibility, and lack of regional coordination allows such networks to transfer activity from country to country to avoid specific national counter-measure strategies.
Sources:FORO Nacional/Internacional, May 2010, page 2: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/RAND_May2010.pdf#page=2
See the agenda, documents and main conclusions at http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/crime-congress/crime-congresses.html
United Nations Twelfth United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (2010), Background paper: Workshop on Links between Drug Trafficking and Other Forms of Organized Crime, A/CONF.213/15, in http://www.unodc.org/documents/crime-congress/12th-Crime-Congress/Documents/A_CONF.213_15/V1051054e.pdf
See United Nations – Office on drugs and crime (2002), Results of a pilot survey of forty selected organized criminal groups in sixteen countries, Geneva: UNODC.
Human trafficking in West Africa
Human trafficking in West Africa might have a dismal future, which can exacerbate other human rights challenges and increasing the need for serious attention.
Paul Ahiave of CDD writes,
Sources:Searchlight Centre for Democracy and Development, Oct 2010, pg 6:
Bangladesh faces the permanence of slums
"Every year, around 300,000-400,000 new migrants flock into Dhaka, the bulk of which come from rural, underprivileged backgrounds and are seeking employment opportunities in the city's fast-growing manufacturing and service sectors. However, the reality they face upon arrival is grim--unable to afford decent housing, they are forced to move into large, illegal settlements.
Sources:Searchlight South Asia by Intellecap; pg. 3
Crime in Rapidly Growing Inner Cities on the Rise in Latin America
Urbanization at a rate beyond the absorption capacity of already existing cities has for a long time been known as a major issue in developing countries, in part because it is connected with increased rates of crime. While "crime in urban areas in South America reached alarming levels during the 1980s ... the situation has radically changed in the 2000s: crime is consolidating as an urban phenomenon ... in regional cities."
Sources:FORO Nacional International, August 2010, pg. 3: