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India may offer loans to poor nations to develop infrastructure

“In 2010, India made one of its goals crystal-clear: the country wants a permanent seat on the UN Security Council. Ahead of a possible restructuring of the council, India has announced that it will loan and fund infrastructure projects in economically poor, resource-rich countries in Asia and Africa. The goal would be to strengthen international relations. India is already involved in capacity-building in many of these countries.”

Implications from IFTF:

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Bangladesh needs consistent power and gas supply to maintain growth

“The ongoing shortage of power and gas supply will be the main obstacle to Bangladesh’s economic growth, as forecasted by the Bangladesh Bank (BB). The government’s ability to eliminate energy shortages and to add capacity will have significant effects on short- and medium-term growth.”

Implications from IFTF:

We often focus development efforts on new technologies and innovations, this signal however points out something very important. Without basic infrastructures growth will only reach a certain level, until basic infrastructures are in place.

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Mopeds taking over public transportation in West Africa

Due to poor infrastructure and declining economies, many West African countries have seen a large rise in Moped transportation.

“The moped revolution is one of the most evident expressions of informality in contemporary West Africa. It economics is straightforward. The Chinese economy is capable of delivering motor-cycles at affordable prices so people buy and use them. The conditions under which they do so are however very problematic.

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Sources:

CDD November 2011 pgs. 7-11
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/CDD_Nov2011.pdf#pg=7

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Powering ICTs with solar, grid, and diesel

In Nigeria, distributed solar power makes up for unreliable electricity access for powering ICTs in rural areas.

The Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy writes,

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Sources:

LKYSPP Asian Trends Monitoring Bulletin, December 2010, pg 15, 16:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/LKYSPP_Dec2010.pdf

Regalado, Edith. 2010. “Up to 12-Hour Power Outages Still Hound Parts of Mindanao.” The Philippine Star, 30 Sept. Available at: http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleid=616473

Fantsuam Foundation. 2006. “A Solar Powered Electricity Backup System" for Fantsuam Foundation’s Community Wireless Network – Project Proposal.”

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Solar Energy Has Compounding Benefits for the Poor in India

Bangalore-based Selco has brought solar electricity to slums, providing value beyond what appliances provide in themselves:

"Though the slum-dwellers were employed and had earned income, their illegal settlement was not allowed to access “the grid” cables that crisscrossed overhead . Instead, families spent INR45 (US$1) per liter on kerosene—a financially unsustainable solution that could only be used for bare necessities such as cooking."

Selco claims that "solar energy empowers the urban poor to spend an additional couple of hours after dark in income generating activities such as

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Lack of Transportation Infrastructure Import/Export Regulations Inhibit Regional Economic Integration in Southeast Asia

LKYSPP believes that "export regulations represent serious impediments to trade flows… Southeast Asian countries are in need of extensive trade facilitation measures in order to drive forward the complex process of regional economic integration and keep pace with
increasingly globalised production networks."

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Sports Tourism Drives Infrastructure Development in GCC Countries, South Africa

"Over the past few years, [Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf] countries are witnessing the rise of sport townships, hi-tech stadiums and coaching academies... The sports events are indirectly linked to infrastructure development which includes housing, building and expanding roads and modernizing public transportation systems. Dubai has installed the region’s first monorail system. Qatar has approved the Doha Metro project which is likely to be completed by 2015. Similar projects are taking shape in other GCC countries as well.

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Cloud Phone in Madagascar aimed at low-income users, and those without phones

“Right at the bottom of the pyramid are phone users who can’t afford the minimum cost for a SIM to share in someone else’s phone. Tech company Movirtu has produced a cloudbased, login account which will enable anyone who has access to a GSM phone to share it but still retain their own number. The product was being tested in 2010 and started being deployed as a pilot with several operators in Africa. Two weeks ago it went live with Airtel Madagascar.

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Sources:

South Africa Node of the Millenium Project June 2011, pg. 10
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SANode_June2011.pdf#page=10

http://www.movirtu.com/

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Peru and Ecuador vulnerabilities to extreme weather

Powerful El Ninos significantly impact economic and social resources in Peru and Ecuador, which are highly vulnerable to extreme weather events and in need of preventative measures. The biggest gaps are information, understanding of effects, and infrastructure.

FORO writes,

“The Andean Development Corporation has identified the following vulnerabilities in the region:

- Lack of knowledge on hydrology and watershed management of the rivers. In Ecuador, human intervention in the watershed has made this country more vulnerable to EN events.

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Sources:

FORO March 2011 pages 6:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_Mar2011.pdf#page=6-7

Corporación Andina de Fomento (2007). “El fenómeno el Niño 1997-1998: memoria, retos y soluciones” Volumen IV:
Ecuador.

Corporación Andina de Fomento (2007). “El fenómeno el Niño 1997-1998: memoria, retos y soluciones” Volumen V: Perú.

The HDR of Piura is 0.5714 compared to 0.7033 in Lima. See PNUD Peru. “Cuadro de IDH Nacional”. Available in:
http://www.pnud.org.pe/frmDatosIDH.aspx [accessed: March 2011].

Centro Internacional para investigación del fenómeno del Niño – CIIFEN (2009). “Guía técnica para la implementación de un sistema regional de información climática aplicada a la gestión de riesgo agrícola en los países andinos”. Proyecto BID ATN/OC – 10064 – RG. Guayaquil – Ecuador.

Gestión de cuencas para enfrentar el cambio climático y el Fenómeno del Niño. Propuesta de adaptación tecnológica frente al cambio climático y el FEN en Piura. Available in: www.solucionespracticas.org.pe/publicaciones.php.

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Domestic Private Companies Filling Gaps in Lebanon

In the aftermath of a 15 year civil war, which ended in 2006, Lebanon has "an urgent need for social development, relief, and reconstruction."

Some of these needs are being met by domestic private companies, who "consider community resilience as a viable investment for their long-term growth objectives."

Examples:

Infrastructure:

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