Cultural Industries: the new frontier for development efforts?
The use of national cultural goods as sources of revenue is an intriguing area, with benefits ranging from increased income to the preservation of national identities and different cultures. FORO further explains the importance of "cultural industries."
Sources:FORO July 2010, pg. 3
Sustainable Tourism Aids Local Development in Middle East
"In recent years, new and improved sustainable-tourism initiatives are spreading throughout the Middle East. These initiatives propound responsible travel that helps to conserve the environment and improve the well being of the local people living there... In the past, an influx of tourists to destinations like Petra and the Sinai led to degradation of the surrounding resources and exploitation of the indigenous people. Recently however certain initiatives aim to correct some of these adverse impacts."
Sources:SFG-ME December 2010 pgs. 10-13
Green Inovation in Israel Could Be Development Model
"Israel’s strategy to use technology to address the deficit of water, energy and other resources is set to create a new model for social development. A new method of drip irrigation that measures the precise amount of water required by each plant will cut consumption in the agricultural sector by more than 50% in the next 10-15 years. The use of nano-technology will reduce the cost of desalination and wastewater treatment, while a new grid for battery stations across the country will phase out cars run on petrol."
Sources:SFG-ME December 2010 pgs. 8-10
Planned "Satellite" Cities a Part of Development Strategy in South Asia
"In Guwahati, Assam, one of the world’s 100 fastest growing cities, officials are... turning to the strategy of stemming growth using satellite towns. Guwahati is the largest city in India’s northeast region, and has three satellite cities in the works... The strategy is part of a plan to curb the city’s transportation woes... By building satellite cities, officials hope to plan for its growing population. These cities will be connected via two bus rapid transit corridors."
Sports Tourism Drives Infrastructure Development in GCC Countries, South Africa
"Over the past few years, [Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf] countries are witnessing the rise of sport townships, hi-tech stadiums and coaching academies... The sports events are indirectly linked to infrastructure development which includes housing, building and expanding roads and modernizing public transportation systems. Dubai has installed the region’s first monorail system. Qatar has approved the Doha Metro project which is likely to be completed by 2015. Similar projects are taking shape in other GCC countries as well.
Vietnamese Gov to Create New Rural Communes Across Country
"Under the initial national pilot program the Government of Vietnam chose 11 communes to develop and create as ‘new rural areas’... The aim of the project is two-fold. It aims to create better, more developed rural areas and at the same time, it aims to organize economic sectors and the livelihoods of those that live in these rural areas."
"The relative success of the pilot has led to the Government announcing in August of 2010 the plans for developing all rural communes across the Vietnam in 2010-2020....The project has been extended to cover the entire country over the next decade,"
Sources:SFG Feb 2011:
Arab Women Entrepreneurs: A Growing Phenomenon
“Women-managed businesses are witnessing growing acceptance in Arab societies. Religiously, Arab women have a powerful role model in Prophet Mohammad‟s first wife Khadija, who was a successful trader and businesswoman. A study by the Syria Trust for Development in 2010 revealed that forty percent of men and eighty percent of women held positive attitudes towards entrepreneurship as a career option for women. Around 65 percent of female owned firms were actively managed by the female owner in Syria. Female entrepreneurship is also gathering support at the ministerial level in governments.
Sources:SFG-ME April 2011 pgs. 4-6
Bolivia and Columbia expected to suffer greatly from climate change
“A recent comparison of 233 countries shows that Bolivia and Columbia will be among the twenty most vulnerable countries to climate change in 2015. Vulnerability to climate change is determined by a country’s socio-economic dependence on products and services derived from nature; potential impact of extreme weather events o human security; and weak institutional capacity to generate information to prevent climate change impacts, design and manage plans, and mobilize resources to adapt to the new conditions.”
Implications from IFTF:
Sources:FORO June 2011 pgs. 2 and 3
Wheeler, David (2011), “Quantifying vulnerability to climate change: implications for adaptation assistance”, CGD Working Paper 240. Washington, D.C.: Center for Global Development. http://www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/1424759
Turning acid mine drainage into a solution for water and energy shortages
“According to Dr Anthony Turton, director of Touchstone Resources, consideration should be given to studying the economic feasibility of ‘mining’ South Africa’s problematic acid mine drainage (AMD) and wastewater (mentioned in the December 2010 Scan) for metals, minerals, salt and even hydrogen. Turton is a protagonist not only of ‘mining’ AMD, but also the water in sewage works and obtaining phosphate, which is crucial for food security, as a by product. Turton favours consideration being given to the use of ion-exchange technology to remove the metals and minerals.
Sources:South Africa Node, April 2011, Pgs. 8 – 9
See the January / February 2011 edition of Water Wheel magazine for a comprehensive overview and background of AMD.
For many poor countries tourism is one of their main industries. Having a better understanding of how tourism contributes to the economies of these countries is a very important step that until know has not been much understood.
Sources:Source: Development Southern Africa, Vol 27 (5)
South Africa Node April 2011 pg. 4