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E-governance in India expands, gets local

E-governance or the use of ICT in governance has been on the rise for many years in India, and its increasing reach is reaching states and villages and easing access to government.

The Strategic Foresight Group writes,

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Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, July 2011 (pg. 2):
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_July2011.pdf#page=2

Manzar, Osama. Creating an alliance to bridge the digital divide LiveMint. 29 May 2011.
http://www.livemint.com/2011/05/29213331/Creating-an-alliance-to-bridge.html?h=D

‘Saraansh: A Compendium of Mission Mode Projects Under NeGP’. January 2011.
http://www.mit.gov.in/sites/upload_files/dit/files/Compendium_FINAL_Version_220211.pdf

Governance. IT For Change. http://www.itforchange.net/governance

Digital Panchayat. Digital Empowerment Forum. http://www.defindia.net/section_full_story.asp?id=1062

Monga, Anil. ‘E-Government in India: Opportunities and Challenges’. 2008.
http://joaag.com/uploads/5_Monga2EGov3_2_.pdf

Manzar, Osama. ‘Mobile governance and NeGP 2.0’. LiveMint. 16 May 2011.
http://www.livemint.com/2011/05/15201025/Mobile-governance-and-NeGP-20.html?h=B

‘National Innovation Council to create new service delivery systems’. Governance Knowledge
Centre. 3 October 2010. http://indiagovernance.gov.in/news.php?id=344

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A maturing organic rice sector in Thailand, and other anti-pesticide measures

The growing use and weak regulation of pesticides and chemicals in Thailand has inspired government response to rein in usage and explore alternative farming models.

The Strategic Foresight Group writes,

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Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, July 2011 (pg. 18):
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_July2011.pdf#page=18

Wipatayotin, Apinya. ‘Pesticides levels pose threat to Thai vegetable exports’. Bangkok Post. 26 January 2011. <http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/218184/pesticide-levels-pose-threat-tothai-
vegetable-exports>

Ussavasodhi, Santibhap. ‘Chemical substances weaken health of Thai farmers’. National News Bureau of Thailand Public Relations Department. 30 March 2011.
<http://thainews.prd.go.th/en/news.php?id=255403300006>

‘EU health warning is also for Thai consumers sake’. The Nation. 27 January 2011.
<http://www.nationmultimedia.com/2011/01/27/opinion/EU-health-warning-is-also-for-Thaiconsumers-
sake-30147249.html>

Srivirojana, Nucharee. Theptepa, Thanalak. Punpuing, Suruporn. Guest, Philip. Tun, Khumtong. Chankham, Olarn and Suvarsrual, Apinya. ‘Population Pressure, Utilization of Chemicals in Agriculture, Health Outcomes and Solid Waste Management.’ <http://www.seauema.ait.ac.th/formal/Download/ARL/ISWM_Conference/Tools%20for%20Solid%20Waste%20
Management%20and%20their%20Applications.pdf>

‘The Vegetable Sector of Thailand: A Review’. FAO Corporate Document Repository.
<http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/ac145e/AC145E01.htm>

‘Thailand’. Trading Economics. 2009 .<http://www.tradingeconomics.com/thailand/agriculturalland-sq-km-wb-data.html>

Arunmas, Phusadee. ‘Chamber eyes mandatory GAP for vegetable exports’. Bangkok Post. 18 February 2011. <http://www.bangkokpost.com/business/economics/222221/chamber-eyesmandatory-gap-for-vegetable-exports>

Hee, Tan Siang. ‘Behind the Ban’. Business Report Thailand. 30 April 2011.
<http://www.businessreportthailand.com/thailand-eu-vegetable-ban-12654>

‘Do Farmers in Thailand use Pesticides?’ Washing Soda. 8 October 2010. <
http://www.elsoda.com/soda/do-farmers-in-thailand-use-pesticides/>

Panyakal, Vitoon. ‘Thailand case studies for Organic Agricultural Development’. IFOAM. 2009.
<http://www.ifoam.org/growing_organic/2_policy/case_studies/thailand_organization_lessons.php>

Gordy, Alex. ‘Thailand: Organic growth potential’. Thailand Business News. 18 October 2010.
<http://thailand-business-news.com/economics/27656-thailand-organic-growth-potential

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Community Based Sustainable Management projects in Bangladesh replacing top-down approach to conservation

Tanguar haor (wetland) in Bangladesh, covers an area of about 10,000 hectares and is suffering from poor environmental management. “Tanguar haor, located in the northeastern part of Bangladesh, is an important wetland supporting more than 56,000 people in 88 villages around its periphery. Around 30-40% of the population lives below the poverty line and rely directly or indirectly on the local natural resources.

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Sources:

Strategic Foresight Group, May 2011, pg. 8:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_May2011.pdf#page=8

“Community Based Sustainable Management of Tanguar Haor Program2.” Amader Madhyanagar Blog. 12 April 2010.
<http://madhyanagar.blogspot.com/2010/04/community-based-sustainable-management_12.html>

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Bangladesh losing their highly skilled hand weavers to cheap mass produced goods

Bangladesh is suffering from a declining hand weaving industry and facing increased unemployment, urban migration, and landless farming as a result. Could intellectual property tools be the key?

“The decline in the sector [hand weaving], and the resulting impoverishment of highly skilled workers, is likely to continue and sharpen in the next few years. This is due to a continuation of factors, including high prices of raw materials and a lack of market for high-end woven goods due to the entry of low-cost ready made garments.

2.01
Average: 2 (2 votes)
 

Sources:

Strategic Foresight Group, May 2011, pgs 2-3:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_May2011.pdf#page=2

World Bank IP work, links on the bottom available for further reading
http://go.worldbank.org/FGGDAK36L0

Komati Raj Gopal Reddy Website.
<http://www.krgreddy.com/careershighlights.html>

“Starvation Deaths in Andhra Pradesh.” Frontline. Volume 27 Issue 01. 02-15 January 2010
<http://www.hinduonnet.com/fline/fl2701/stories/20100115270103000.htm>

“Condition of Weavers in India: A Case Study of Sircilla Concentration Zone of Weavers in Andhra Pradesh.” India Current Affairs. 16 October 2010.
<http://indiacurrentaffairs.org/conditions-of-weavers-in-india-a-case-study-of-sircilla-
concentration-zone-of-weavers-in-andhra-preadesh/>

“Textile Exports May Touch $24 Billion in 2010-11.” The Economic Times. 23 May 2010.
<http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2010-05-23/news/27615333_1_textile-exports-indian-textile-industry-textile-ministry>

Raaja, Vasugi. “Indian Weaving Industry: An Overview.” The Textile Magazine. 25 January 2011.
<http://www.indiantextilemagazine.com/weaving/indian-weaving-industry-%E2%80%93-an-overview>

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Rural tourism could develop local communities in Indonesia

The Strategic Foresight Group writes,

"In 2008, the government launched a pilot project to transform villages into tourist destinations. Rural tourism includes village tours and outdoor activities such as farming, local games, traditional music and dance. Initially, the government developed tourism in 50 villages across Indonesia. By the end of 2010, there will be around 200 villages developed as tourist destinations. Indonesia has the potential to expand such initiatives because villages have diversity of cultures, traditions and handicrafts to attract tourists."

Implications

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Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, Nov 2010, page 12: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_July2010.pdf#page=12

‘Borobudur to Woo Visitors with New Tourist Villages.’ Jakarta Globe. 20 January 2010.
<http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/news/borobudur-to-woo-visitors-with-new-touristvillages/
353940>

‘Government set to Develop More tourism Villages.’ Jakarta Post. 9 July 2010.
<http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/07/09/govt-set-develop-more-tourism-villages.html>

‘Government to Develop Tourism in 200 Villages.’ Jakarta Post. 7 March 2010.
<http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/07/03/govt-develop-tourism-200-villages.html>

‘Underdeveloped Villages.’ Indonesia Matters. 13 September 2006.
<http://www.indonesiamatters.com/969/underdeveloped-villages/>

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Solar Home Systems bring electricity to million

Solar Home Systems can capture and store solar energy as electricity and provide poor rural households with power in the evenings.

The Strategic Foresight Group explains,

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Sources:


The Strategic Foresight Group, Nov 2010, page 10: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_July2010.pdf#page=10

‘Solar home systems reduce Co2 emissions’. The New Nation. 14 August 2009.
<http://nation.ittefaq.com/issues/2009/08/14/news0636.htm>

‘Solar energy application: a necessity for Bangladesh’. The Financial Express BD. 22 April 2010.
<http://www.thefinancialexpress-bd.com/more.php?news_id=98187>

Mondal, M. A. H. ‘Economic viability of solar home systems: Case study of Bangladesh’.
Renewable Energy. Volume 35, Issue 6. Pgs. 1125–1129. June 2010.

‘Bangladesh in search for Soar Energy’. Parvez’s Blog. 03 April 2010.
<http://onlyparvez.blogspot.com/2010/04/blog-post.html>

‘Solar Power of Gramin Shakti’. Pratidin. 05 September 2010.
<http://webster.site5.com/~pratidin/?view=details&feature=yes&type=single&pub_no=135&cat_i
d=3&menu_id=22&news_type_id=1&index=0>

‘In Kanaighat, solar power has changed completely the standard of rural life.’ 23 August 2010.
<http://www.roftani.com/bn/details.php?NewsId=10383&cat=23&NewsDate=2010-02-23>

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Salinity-tolerant agriculture could improve livelihood of rural farmers in Bangladesh

A new salinity-tolerant paddy species could increase productivity of coastal small scale-farmers, boost income, and potentially buffer against urban migration.

The Strategic Foresight Group writes,

2.67
Average: 2.7 (3 votes)
 

Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, Nov 2010, page 6: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_July2010.pdf#page=6

‘Salinity-affected land brought under scheme’. NewAgebd. 06 February 2010.
<http://www.newagebd.com/2010/feb/06/home.html>

‘The saline revolution?’ bdnews24. 28 April 2010.
<http://www.bdnews24.com/details.php?cid=2&id=159554>

‘Mechanisms of salt tolerance in crop plants and salinity management’. Rivers and Communities.
Blog 27 August, 2009.

<http://riversandcommunities.wordpress.com/2009/08/27/mechanisms-ofsalt-
tolerance-in-crop-plants-and-salinity-management/>

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Boat Clinics in Assam extend health care to the rural poor

Floating clinics bring medical expertise, education, supplies, immunizations, and data collection to underserved villages in India

The Strategic Foresight Group writes,

0
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Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, Nov 2010, page 6: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_July2010.pdf#page=6

Centre for Northeast Studies and Policy Research.

Dhar, Aarti. ‘Boat clinics offer ray of hope in Assam’. The Hindu. 15 August 2009: http://www.thehindu.com/news/states/other-states/article3253.ece

‘The ships of hope’. Assam Tribune. 30 August 2009: http://www.assamtribune.com/aug3009/sunday.html

‘Boat Clinics’. National Rural Health Mission: http://www.nrhmassam.in/boatclinic.php

‘Assam records highest maternal mortality rate in the country’. The Hindu. 5 March 2010: http://www.thehindu.com/health/policy-and-issues/article183147.ece

‘Assam Health Indicators’. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare: http://mohfw.nic.in/nrhm/state%20files/assam.htm#hp

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Indian R&D positioned to innovate second hand

The Strategic Foresight Group writes,

"Research & Development of emerging technologies in India is expected to be focused on cost reduction through process innovation of products and technologies developed elsewhere in the world. The prospects of original inventions appear dismal, despite 2010– 2020 having been declared as the ‘Decade of Innovation’ by the Indian Government." Compared to China, India files a paltry handful of patent applications.

0
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Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, Nov 2010, page 2: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_July2010.pdf#page=2

‘Decade of Innovation’. Press Release by Department of Science and Technology of India. March
2010. <http://dst.gov.in/whats_new/press-release10/pib_10-3-2010.htm>

‘International Patent Filings Dip in 2009 amid Global Economic Downturn’. World Intellectual
Property Organization. 8 February 2010.
<http://www.wipo.int/pressroom/en/articles/2010/article_0003.html>

‘India Way Behind China in Filing Patent Applications’. India Journal. 13 July 2008.
<http://www.indiajournal.com/pages/event.php?id=3823>

‘National Biotechnology Development Strategy’. Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of
Science and Technology.
<http://dbtindia.nic.in/biotechstrategy/National%20Biotechnology%20Development%20Strategy.
pdf>

‘Proposal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Mission’. Ministry of Science and Technology. 18
December 2006. <http://www.dst.gov.in/whats_new/press-release06/proposal-nano-science.htm>

Vijay, Nandita. ‘Karnataka Bio sector on a roll’. Pharma Biz. 17 April 2008.
<http://www.pharmabiz.com/article/detnews.asp?articleid=43936§ionid=50>

‘World Class Innovation Park in Mumbai’. Samachar Today. 16 September 2010.
<http://www.samachartoday.com/world-class-innovation-park-in-mumbai/10942>

‘The worst luck in the world? The heart disease mutation carried by 60 million people’. Press
Release by Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology.
<http://www.ccmb.res.in/news/CCMB_press_release_Final.pdf>

‘Global Innovation and Technology Alliance: Fostering Innovation in Indian Industry’.
Confederation of Indian Industry. August 2010.
<http://www.cii.in/PolicyAdvocacyDetails.aspx?enc=sNC05ikYcweq9DilF6RXaxRamINghSZrS
FTwqL6R73mWarvVegWQuihskgDTyRrfhfPILaaIdYP8PvMzMGu1zw==>

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Construction demands increase sand dredging, threatening Vietnam's rivers and lands

A surge in demand for sand in Southeast Asia has contributed to illegal dredging in Vietnam's rivers, which has accelerated erosion; increased erosion brings increased landslides, which threaten houses, gardens, and fertile lands along the banks.

The Strategic Foresight Group writes,

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Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, July 2010, page 14: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_July2010.pdf#page=14

‘Red River Sand Exploitation still a threat to local residents’. Vietnam News. 2 April 2010.
< http://www.vnnnews.net/red-river-sand-exploitation-still-a-threat-to-local-residents >

‘Sand dredgers leave families homeless’. Vietnam News. 29 March 2010.
< http://www.vnnnews.net/sand-dredgers-leave-families-homeless >

‘Dredged Mud Threat to scenic waterfall.’ Look at Vietnam. 9 April 2010.
< http://www.lookatvietnam.com/2010/04/dredged-mud-threat-to-scenic-waterfall.html >

‘Loss of Fertile Land blamed on Dredging.’ DTI News Vietnam. 16 April 2010.
< http://www.dtinews.vn/news/news/vietnam/loss-of-fertile-land-blamed-on-dredging.html>
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