Community’s ‘fish bank’ model saving their biodiversity and fishing livelihoods
“The small initiatives taken by the Tomia fishermen community in the southeast of Sulawesi in Indonesia have succeeded in conserving the biodiversity of the area… Komunto, a community-based organization, was formed by fishermen from East Tomia and Wakatobi districts in Indonesia in response to the widespread coral damage of the Wakatobi National Park (WNP), primarily from fishing pressures. Approximately 100,000 people live within the boundaries of WNP; therefore local fishing pressure is high.
Sources:SFG January 2011 pgs. 10-11
Beijing overhauling transportation
Beijing may be designing the city of the future on order to control traffic problems. They are overhauling everything from building new roads, limiting cars and licenses, providing bike sharing, increased bus routes, and limiting driving hours. Below are some highlights of the changes taking place in Beijing.
“Beijing Traffic Control Restriction Policy Limit on new car licenses Only 240,000 car licenses will be issued in 2011 through number-drawing (lottery), with a monthly average of20,000.
Sources:NISTPASS January 2011 pgs. 15-16
Major policies released to ease Beijing's traffic.
Lavasa, Biomimetic City, a Model Livable Cities for South Asia?
"The Hindustan Construction Corporation (HCC) is building the city based on biomimicry: the idea that the best design can be borrowed from nature. The company hopes to complete phase 1 construction by the end of 2010, and the city of 25,000 acres will eventually be home to 300,000.
The city is being built using concepts of walkability and community‐centered town planning. While Lavasa is being marketed to high‐income Mumbaikers, HCC claims that the city will include people from all socioeconomic backgrounds, though measures to include the urban poor have not been specified."
"Pay with Service" Model for Businesses Serving Urban Poor
"...the need for housing by the growing population will force firms and entrepreneurs to use new business models to provide very low cost housing. Informal settlers occupying idle or vacant lands in the city can be assisted by providing low cost housing infrastructure. Tenants are now being involved in the construction of housing facilities, reducing labor costs. Volunteerism and active involvement of the community is seen as part of the solution to Asia’s housing problems.
Sources:Noviscape, June 2011, page 7: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=7
Asian Development Bank (2008) Government Poverty Reduction Programs. Chapter 7 from Poverty in the Philippines retrieved from www.adb.org/Document/BooksPoverty-in-the-Philippines/chapter7.pdf on August 8, 2008.
Choe, K & Laquian (2008) City Cluster Development: Toward an Urban-Led Development Strategy for Asia.
Gawad Kalinga: http://www.gk1world.com/
Impact Investment Exchange Asia (IIX): http://www.asiaiix.com/
Pier One Seafarers’ Dormitory in the Philippines (2010). Retrieved from http://proxied.changemakers.net/journal/300606/displayhousing1.cfm-ID=96 on April 28, 2010.
Pralahad, C.K., and Allen Hammond (2002) Serving the World’s Poor Profitably. Harvard Business Review, Vol. 80 No. 9.
United Nations Development Program (2008) Creating Value for All: Strategies for doing business with the poor.
UN DESA (2009) July 2009 estimate by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
Al Hima — Traditional Arab Sustainability Practice
"Al Hima, a traditional Arab practice that gradually dissipated in the early 20th century, involves sustainable use of natural resources by local communities in remote and rural areas. The recent resurgence of this ancient tradition in Lebanon and Jordan and efforts to promote it in several other countries in the Middle East will have positive implications for local communities, survival of the Bedouin culture and the environment throughout the region in the coming years.
Sources:The Strategic Foresight Group, Middle-East Edition, May 2011, page 8-9: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_May2011.pdf#page=8
Al-Dimashqiya, Nouna. „The Vanishing Nomads.‟ Syria Today. January 2011. http://www.syria-today.com/index.php/life/13384-the-vanishing-nomads
„Jordan to launch Hima.‟ Petra Jordan News Agency. 5 October 2010. http://www.petra.gov.jo/Public_News/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?lang=2&site_id=1&NewsID=8206&Type=P
Aburawa, Arwa. „Hima: The Middle East‟s Tradition of Environment Protection.‟ Green Prophet. 18 September 2010.
„The Concept of Hima: Protecting the Environment in Islamic Culture.‟ Yemen Times. 2 August 2010. http://www.yementimes.com/defaultdet.aspx?SUB_ID=34510
Verde. Tom. „A Tradition of Conservation.‟ Saudi Aramco World. November-December 2008. http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/200806/a.tradition.of.conservation.htm
Al- Hima: A Way of Life. International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). 2007.
Bedouin Culture. Bedawi.Com. 2007
Smog Holidays, Water Dumping Pollution Fixes Create Their Own Problems in Tehran
To deal with severe air pollution, the government of Tehran began issuing "smog holidays, where government offices, schools, banks, factories and other sites were ordered to shut for the day."
"This has become the main method of dealing with the air pollution, and in 2010 Tehran has 80 smog holidays."
"Another method of combating the growing pollution has been to drop thousands of litres of water from small planes across the city. Each plane carries approximately 2000 litres of water, and about 30 flights are done everyday, releasing about 60,000 litres of water."
Sources:SFG June 2011, pages 11, 12:
United Arab Emirates Government To Address Coastal Pollution in Region
Coastal pollution is a severe problem in the Middle East due to the discharge from desalination plants, "man made island construction," "industrial and household waste dumped directly into the sea," and "oil spills."
The United Arab Emirates has introduced measures to mitigate the effects of coastal pollution, according to SFG.
Sources:SFG June 2011, pages 3, 4:
Air Pollution in Tehran May Push Population Outward
Air pollution in Tehran has been unchecked over the last few years. Levels have reached alarming rates, and are expected to increase in the future if adequate measures are not taken.
"The main pollutants in the environment are aromatics, nitrogen-dioxide, particulate matter, carbon-dioxide and other greenhouse gases amongst others. The capital is now at an alert level with a pollution standard index (PSI) of 151. A PSI of 100 is termed unhealthy for all living conditions."
SFG lists causes as
Sources:SFG June 2011, pages 5, 6:
State Gov to Cut Supply to those in Bangalore Who Refuse to Save Water
Save water or face connection cut, Bangaloreans told April 20, 2011 [India] All residential, commercial and office structures built on a 2,400 square foot area must install rainwater harvesting systems by December 31, 2011, or face total stoppage of water and sanitation services. This move comes after the Karnataka state government’s failure to appeal to citizenry via campaigns and warnings. Bangalore’s population has grown by three million people in just a decade, which has resulted in a shortage of 350 million liters of water per day.
Sources:Intellecap May 2011 page 16:
Punjab Government Plans to Set Up Roof Top Solar Power Plants
The Punjab government will be installing solar panels on the rooftops of all government buildings in the state to generate power. The state government was inspired by the 1.09-megawatt rooftop power plant installed at Changzhou University in China, which is successfully generating power for the university township. Water heating systems in all government buildings has been made mandatory, in another move towards environmentally friendly practices by the government.
Sources:Intellecap May 2011 page 13: