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Lack of Transportation Infrastructure Import/Export Regulations Inhibit Regional Economic Integration in Southeast Asia

LKYSPP believes that "export regulations represent serious impediments to trade flows… Southeast Asian countries are in need of extensive trade facilitation measures in order to drive forward the complex process of regional economic integration and keep pace with
increasingly globalised production networks."

3
Average: 3 (1 vote)
 

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Smog Holidays, Water Dumping Pollution Fixes Create Their Own Problems in Tehran

To deal with severe air pollution, the government of Tehran began issuing "smog holidays, where government offices, schools, banks, factories and other sites were ordered to shut for the day."

"This has become the main method of dealing with the air pollution, and in 2010 Tehran has 80 smog holidays."

"Another method of combating the growing pollution has been to drop thousands of litres of water from small planes across the city. Each plane carries approximately 2000 litres of water, and about 30 flights are done everyday, releasing about 60,000 litres of water."

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United Arab Emirates Government To Address Coastal Pollution in Region

Coastal pollution is a severe problem in the Middle East due to the discharge from desalination plants, "man made island construction," "industrial and household waste dumped directly into the sea," and "oil spills."

The United Arab Emirates has introduced measures to mitigate the effects of coastal pollution, according to SFG.

2.01
Average: 2 (2 votes)
 

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Air Pollution in Tehran May Push Population Outward

Air pollution in Tehran has been unchecked over the last few years. Levels have reached alarming rates, and are expected to increase in the future if adequate measures are not taken.

"The main pollutants in the environment are aromatics, nitrogen-dioxide, particulate matter, carbon-dioxide and other greenhouse gases amongst others. The capital is now at an alert level with a pollution standard index (PSI) of 151. A PSI of 100 is termed unhealthy for all living conditions."

SFG lists causes as

Cars

2.01
Average: 2 (3 votes)
 

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Gas Reserves in Bangladesh Depleting Rapidly

"Bangladesh’s gas reserves are in danger of depleting sooner than projected. Every sector in the country is guilty of misusing gas, which is resulting in severe gas supply constraints. A prepaid system for the domestic use of gas may have prevented misuse in the form of people not turning off their burners, but the Bangladeshi government never tried to seriously implement such a system. It is estimated that if only 1% of efficiency can be achieved via industrial boilers, then 95 million cubic feet of gas can be saved per month.

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Certified sustainable timber on rise in Ghana

Ghana has made a concerted effort to improve forestry practices by guaranteeing that timber for export to Europe be sustainably harvested:

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Sources:

Center for Democracy and Development, July 2010 pg. 6:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/CDD_July2010.pdf#page=6

Http://www.businessdayonline.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3952:the-need-tocheck-deforestation-in-west-africa&catid=117:news&Itemid=349
http://www.cepf.net/Documents/final.guineanforests.upperguineanforest.ep.pdf
http://www.profor.info/profor/sites/profor.info/files/publication/2009-PROFOR-progressreport-part1.pdf http://www.biodiversityhotspots.org/xp/Hotspots/west_africa/Pages/default.aspx#indepth
Http://ipsnews.net/africa/nota.asp?idnews=37198

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Agriculture in Thailand needs structural/political support

Without support programs or policies, Thai farmers are getting squeezed by a host of social drivers, putting the profession itself under threat.

The Strategic Foresight Group writes that Thailand is witnessing a rapid decline in the number of farmers. The Strategic Foresight Group focuses on the lack for structural support for farmers,

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Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, July 2010, page 16: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_July2010.pdf#page=16

‘The Future of Farming in Thailand’. Bangkok Post. 15 May 2010.
<http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/37349/the-future-of-farming-in-thailand>

‘Off-farm Income and Education in rural Thailand’. The New Mandala (Blog). 09 December 2009.
<http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/newmandala/2009/12/10/off-farm-income-and-education-in-ruralthailand/>

NationMaster – World Statistics, Country Comparisons.
< http://www.nationmaster.com/country/th-thailand/agr-agriculture>

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GMO companies thrive in lack of regulation

In the face of no international standards on GMO produce - and ambivalence about whether pros outweigh cons for GMO agriculture - companies are able to muscle GMO agricultural practices throughout Latin America.

FORO writes,

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Sources:

FORO Nacional/Internacional, May 2010, page 4: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_May2010.pdf#page=4

See: Clive James, 2009 in: http://isaaa.org/resources/publications/briefs/41/executivesummary/pdf/Brief%2041%20-%20Executive%20Summary%20-%20Spanish.pdf

FAO and the Acquisition for Agri-Biotech Aplications (ISAAA) point out the need to feed 9,200 million people in 2050, this require to double the food production in less than 50 years. See: http://isaaa.org/resources/publications/briefs/41/executivesummary/pdf/Brief%2041%20-%20Executive%20Summary%20-%20Spanish.pdf

http://transgenicos.ecoportal.net/

http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/espana/reports/que-sabes-de-los-transgenicos-2.pdf

http://www.codexalimentarius.net/web/index_es.jsp

http://www.cbd.int/doc/legal/cartagena-protocol-es.pdf

Venezuela and Brazil have some regulation about GM. See: http://www.semillas.org.co/sitio.shtml?apc=h1-1--&x=20156447

After the earthquake in Haiti, the Company Montsanto tried to donate 475 tons of GM seeds to Haiti, but Haitian authorities did not accept them. See: http://alainet.org/active/38266.

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Transgenic-free zones protect farmers against GMO agricultural practices

FORO Nacional Internacional writes,

"Some civil society networks and environmental organizations are informing citizens about the possible risks and impacts of GM agriculture, and one of the results has been to create transgenic-free zones, where GMOs are not allowed. Genetically Modified Organisms are becoming increasingly prominent in South America, yet they continue to face strong resistance.

0
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Sources:

FORO Nacional/Internacional, May 2010, page 4: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_May2010.pdf#page=4

Clive James, 2009 in: http://isaaa.org/resources/publications/briefs/41/executivesummary/pdf/Brief%2041%20-%20Executive%20Summary%20-%20Spanish.pdf

FAO and the Acquisition for Agri-Biotech Aplications (ISAAA) point out the need to feed 9,200 million people in 2050, this require to double the food production in less than 50 years. See: http://isaaa.org/resources/publications/briefs/41/executivesummary/pdf/Brief%2041%20-%20Executive%20Summary%20-%20Spanish.pdf

http://transgenicos.ecoportal.net/

http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/espana/reports/que-sabes-de-los-transgenicos-2.pdf

http://www.codexalimentarius.net/web/index_es.jsp and http://www.cbd.int/doc/legal/cartagena-protocol-es.pdf

Venezuela and Brazil have some regulation about GM. See: http://www.semillas.org.co/sitio.shtml?apc=h1-1--&x=20156447

After the earthquake in Haiti, the Company Montsanto tried to donate 475 tons of GM seeds to Haiti, but Haitian authorities did not accept them. See: http://alainet.org/active/38266.

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Signs of hope for environmental issues in the Niger River Delta

Oil dumping into Nigeria's Niger River Delta has been wrecking environmental havoc in the region, but there are some signs that regulation, which has failed to curb environmental abuses, will change.

Terfa Hemen of CDD writes,

Multinational corporations reportedly spill roughly 260,000 barrels of oil on an annual basis into natural water ways and fresh water sources. The Nigerian National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA) recorded approximately 2,400 oil spills between 2006 and 2010.

3
Average: 3 (6 votes)
 

Sources:

Searchlight Centre for Democracy and Development, Oct 2010, pg 11
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/CDD_Oct2010.pdf#page=11

Environment responsibilities of resource companies under host country and home country laws -the growing demand for extraterritorial liability - case studies and options for reform by Prince Charles Williams (2010 IBA Conference Vancouver, Canada) www.era.org

http://www.businessdayonline.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=13378:oil-spill-in¬the-niger-delta-&catid=98:editorial&Itemid=351

http://www.nationaldailyngr.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2159:niger-delta¬seeks-relief-from-oil-spills&catid=126:business-news&Itemid=545

http://e360.yale.edu/content/digest.msp?id=2496

http://www.eia.doe.gov/cabs/Nigeria/Full.html
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