South African Scientists Develop Waste-to-Fuel Technology
"An engineering team... developed novel technology to turn biomass (agricultural waste) and garbage (solid municipal waste) into liquid fuel, electricity, waxes and paraffin."
"It is the first time that this innovative project, developed in South Africa by South Africans, has been manufactured on a small-scale to make it economical for South Africa and other developing countries."
PeePoo Bag safely composts human feces
The PeePoo bag safely decomposes human waste and produces valuable fertilizer.
The South Africa Node writes,
A toilet turns poo into fertilizer
Communities in Malawi are building composting toilets that, combined with fire ash, turn manure into usable fertilizer. Diarrhea is the leading killer in Malawi, and sanitation solutions of this sort are deeply impactful for public health and for community resources.
The South Africa Node writes,
Sources:South Africa Node Aug 2010, pg. 8
One Prisoner Effects Change in India With a Letter
It can be easy to feel helpless and useless in our fast changing world. We go through life continually asking ourselves, how can I make a difference by myself? Often times we feel defeated at the mere thought. But a man in India has done just, that from within the confines of a prison, by writing a letter to his government.
Sources:Intellecap Dec. 2010 pg 16:
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Signs of hope for environmental issues in the Niger River Delta
Oil dumping into Nigeria's Niger River Delta has been wrecking environmental havoc in the region, but there are some signs that regulation, which has failed to curb environmental abuses, will change.
Terfa Hemen of CDD writes,
Multinational corporations reportedly spill roughly 260,000 barrels of oil on an annual basis into natural water ways and fresh water sources. The Nigerian National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA) recorded approximately 2,400 oil spills between 2006 and 2010.
Sources:Searchlight Centre for Democracy and Development, Oct 2010, pg 11
Environment responsibilities of resource companies under host country and home country laws -the growing demand for extraterritorial liability - case studies and options for reform by Prince Charles Williams (2010 IBA Conference Vancouver, Canada) www.era.org
Failed international solutions to toxic waste dumping
Toxic waste dumping has been a problem in Africa for decades, and many resolutions and conventions have aimed at addressing it, but there is little evidence that developing nations are sincere in their promises to curb waste export.
Okechukwu Ibeanu of CDD writes,
Sources:Searchlight Centre for Democracy and Development, Oct 2010, pg 3
C. Hitz and M. Radka in "Environmental negotiation and policy: the Basel Convention on transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and their disposal", International Journal of Environment and Pollution, vol1.1 No.1/2, 1991, p.55.
Resolution 1153 (XLVII) of 25 May 1988