Transition to "Modern" Agricultural Infrastructure Leaves Middle-Class Households Vulnerable to Drought
"Middle income households may become more vulnerable to droughts as they transition away from traditional from traditional to modern agricultural
agriculture towards more modern agricultural livelihood strategies -evidence from Malawi and Botswana."
Implications from South Africa Horizon Scan:
The Power of Organized Crime in Africa and Beyond
"A networked world, governance failures and economic disparity create opportunities for... illegal activities to flourish."
"Violence resulting from organised criminal net-works is arguably the most common threat to Africa’s urban centers."
RIse of the "Feminized Sector" in Southeast Asia
Governments in some countries in Asia are turning to immigrant labor to meet the needs of their aging populations. According to Noviscape, traditionally, migrant labor in the region was predominantly male, "the supply has increased due to farm mechanization and the lack of available jobs in their home countries. As a result, large numbers of young rural women have been forced out of their home villages to take unskilled or low-skilled work in cities in their own countries, or overseas."
Sources:Noviscape May 2011 page 3:
Bamboo Laws Could Create New Source of Income for Impoverished Villagers in India
In a development that SFG says could "provide new sources of income for millions of poor that live off forests in the coming years," forest dwellers in India are now legally able to collect and sell bamboo.
The new rule is the result of the Ministry of Environment and Forests recently issuing a directive to state governments to "officially recognize bamboo as 'minor forest produce'" instead of "timber... which gave state government the right to collect and sell bamboo exclusively."
"Minor forest produce‟ includes everything valuable in a forest, except timber, that can be utilized."
Sources:SFG June 2011, page 2: