A strategy for sustainable and equitable ICT deployment
After consideration of existing digital divides and the potential risks of ICT,
LKYSPP recommends six intervention points aimed to spreading benefits of ICT. This pushes a holistic picture of ICT that includes policies, tech infrastructure, and tech literacy. Small and medium enterprises and civil society groups have shown the way.
The Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy writes,
Sources:LKYSPP Asian Trends Monitoring Bulletin, December 2010, pg 8-10:
The World Bank. 2010. Employment in agriculture (% of total employment). Retrieved from UNCTAD. 2005. ICT and e-business: what developing countries stand to gain. Issues in Brief, 11, 1-2.
Internet World Stats. 2010. Internet Usage in Asia. Retrieved 20 December 2010 from http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm
Jakarta Globe (2010a) SBY inaugurates ‘Blackout-Free’ Era. July 28. http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/business/sby-inaugurates-blackout-free-era/388131
Activism Drives Tech Adoption in Thailand
"Thailand’s Red Shirts offer an example of digital immigrants that parallels the rise of other political groups in the region. In July 2009, laborers, and motorcycle taxi drivers who had never previously use computers, subscribed to twitter in order to vote for Thaksin Shinawatra in the “Twitter Wall of Fame” competition."
Sources:Noviscape May 2011 page 7:
Non-Profit IT Company Brings Skills, Scholarships and Jobs to Cambodia, Laos and Kenya
"Digital Divide Data (DDD) was founded in 2001 in Cambodia by a group dominated by Western business consultants and technopreneurs. During their travels around Indochina, they encounter poverty, and yet perceive the region as an untouched human reservoir."
Sources:Noviscape May 2011 page 8:
Mapping, Digitizing Records Fight Corruption, Aid in Proper Distribution of Land to the Poor in Bangladesh
Land disputes area major issue in Bangladesh. The government has a program to redistribute land to the landless, but, due to mismanagement and massive corruption, many do not receive their land and end up in court—it's estimated that more than "3.2 million land-related cases are pending before the judiciary."
This figure doesn't account for large number of poor people who "do not even escalate matters to the level of litigation."
Sources:SFG June 2011, page 8:
ICT Health India: Smart Phone Medical Consultation App Developed by Phone Company, Health Company
"HealthNet Global (HNIG) is a private healthcare information technology solutions provider that is collaborating with a cell service provider Aircel to introduce an application into the market that will enable 3G medical consultations using smart phones."
ICT Health India: Mobile Phones Bring Eye Exams to Rural Poor in India
Sankara Nethralaya hospital, a not-for-profit ophthalmic hospital in Chennai, has "mobile van units that operate out of remote rural areas."
"Technicians offer basic eye-checks for the rural poor, and then the results are transmitted through a messaging service and very small aperture terminals (VSATs) to an eye specialist in Chennai. Roughly 60-120 patients are examined per day."
ICT Health India: Gov Uses Video Chat to Bring Healthcare to the Poor in India
The Sanjeevani project "combines the use of cell phones and computers to enable services such as Tele-consultations, Tele-education and Tele-diagnosis. Tele-consultations allow for patient histories to be placed online so they can be accessed by doctors in different parts of the country with ease. Tele-diagnosis allows specialist to consult with local physicians via video-chat and calls. This facility could prove to be particularly helpful to poorer sections of the society that live in rural areas, and have limited access to specialists."
India, New Delhi: using Facebook and SMS to keep the city clean
Earlier this year, the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) launched its Facebook page and an integrated SMS service to enable public monitoring of garbage collection sites and public toilets. If garbage is not collected or if toilets are not working, citizens can register complaints on the MCD Facebook page. There are 2,078 garbage dumps, 1,033 public toilets and 602 private toilets in MCD’s jurisdiction. There is also an MCD hotline for complaint registration
Implications from Intellecap:
Sources:Intellecap May 2011 page 16:
Bangladesh PM launches online textbooks
"To prevent hampered learning due to textbook delivery delays, Bangladesh has launched e-book, a digital compilation of primary and secondary textbooks. Textbooks will be available on www.ebook.gov.bd for free. The e-book can be read on computers, e-book readers, mobile phones, PDAs, CDs and iPads"
Sources:Intellecap May 2011 page 13:
Haryana to give ID cards to hemophiliac children
Children suffering from the genetic blood disorder hemophilia will receive ID cards so that they can use state government facilities. The Haryana State Blood Transfusion Council will prepare the photo ID cards. The Haryana state government provides blood units free of cost to hemophiliac patients from government blood banks, as well as a free transport facility for hemophiliac children suffering from the disorder. Hemophiliac children also receive free education through 10th grade in government schools.
Sources:Intellecap May 2011 page 12: