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Aging Southeast Asian Population May Create "Grey Collar" Economy

According to Noviscape, “grey collar workers” will become the fastest growing segment of the workforce in countries such as Singapore and Thailand.
While rapid declining fertility and longer life expectancy are evident in every country in the region, they are aging at different rates.
“Singapore and Thailand have already been categorized as ageing societies since the early 2000s, Cambodia and Laos both have very young populations. The rest of ASEAN member states fall somewhere between these extremes, but are catching up fast.” (pg9)

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Shadow of Bin Laden hangs over Africa and Middle East

"There seems to be a universal consensus on the fact that al Qaeda is here amongst us and cannot simply be blown away. Considering that, al Qaeda had carried out 6 major attacks, 4 of which were against America, each attack taking years to prepare, the red alerts on travels and American embassies abroad placed immediately after Osama's death is bound to be one of so many that would follow as reprisal attacks are likely not to be immediate. Sadly, America is not the only country that has to worry for al Qaeda and what it stands for.

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Sources:

Searchlight Centre for Democracy and Development, May 2011, pg 8:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/CDD_May2011.pdf#page=8


http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/fr ontline/shows/binladen/who/bio.ht ml http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al- Qaeda http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/
1 3 / b o o k s / r e v i e w / A j a m i - t.html?pagewanted=2&_r=1
Book Review Osama Bin Laden By Micheal Scheuer - nytimes.com http://www.nytimes.com/2011/
02/13/books/review/Ajami- t.html
h t t p : / / w w w . a f r i k - n e w s . com/article18310.html
TELL Bin Laden's Men in Nigeria
- May 16, 2011-05-19 by
Anayochukwu Ogba
THISDAY The Age of Osama Bin Laden Chidi Amuta PG 64 http://qyyobtrue.hautetfort.co m / a r c h i ve / 2 0 1 1 / 0 5 / 3 0 / a l - qaeda-has-sleeper-cells-across- west-africa-experts.html

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Formalization of the Social Sector

"An organization of social businesses has slowly evolved over time in the free and fiercely competitive Asia-Pacific market. Social enterprise represents a current organizational set-up, while an unpopular cooperative can be considered as the first wave of social entrepreneurial organization (Curl, 2009).

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 11: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=11


Bessant, J. and Caffyn,S. (1997) High involvement innovation, International Journal of Technology Management, Vol:14, Pages:7-28
Bosma, N. and Levie, J. (2010) Global Entrepreneurship Monitor: 2009 Global Report, Global Entrepreneurship Research Association (GERA).
Curl, J. (2009) For All The People: Uncovering the Hidden History of Cooperation, Cooperative Movements, and Communalism in America, PM Press.
Dees, J. G. (1998) The Meaning of “Social Entrepreneurship”, Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, October 31, 1998.
Mahathir, M. (2009) Fatal Consluences?, in Esack, F. and Chiddy, S. (eds.) Islam and AIDS, OneWorld Publications.
Piper, J. M. (1993) Rice in South-East Asia: Cultures and Landscapes.UK: Oxford University Press.
Witkin, J. (2009) Innovation at the Bottom of the Pyramid in Green: A Blog About Energy and the Environment, September 18, 2009, The New York Times.
Zahra, S. A., Rawhouser, H. N., Bhawe, N. Neubaum, D. O., and Hayton, J. C. (2008) Globalization of Social Entrepreneurship Opportunities, Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, Vol. 2, pp.. 117 - 131.

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Confusion over definition of Social Enterprise/Entrepreneurship

"The term ‘social enterprise’, though often heard, is used rather loosely, and its definition continues to be debated even in societies such as the UK or USA, where the so-called ‘Third Sector’ has enjoyed a long and active history. In general, the term is typically used to describe a business set up with the goal of addressing specific challenges in a community, society or on a larger scale.

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 2: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=2

Hamm, Steve. Social Entrepreneurs Turn Business Sense to Good, Business Week, November 2008. Available at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_49/b4111048005937.htm Accessed on 31 January 2011
International Entrepreneurship, ‘Entrepreneurship in Cambodia’, April 2009. Available at http://www.internationalentrepreneurship.com/asia_entrepreneur/cambodia_entrepreneur.asp Accessed on 28 January 2011
Jingga, Intan. Social Entrepreneurship in Small Business. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/34692032/Social-Entrepreneurship-in-Small-BusinessAccessed on 28 January 2011
Mahalingam, Eugene. “Push Needed for Social Entrepreneurship”, StarBizWeek, November 2010. Available at http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/11/6/business/7372284&sec=business Accessed on 28 January 2011
Nabia, Jovel O., Social Entrepreneurship in the Philippines, Business World. October 2010. Available at http://www.bworldonline.com/main/content.php?id=19157 Accessed on 31 January 2011
Pham Kieu Oanh, “Social Enterprise and Community Development Projects”, September 2010. Available at http://vacne.org.vn/en/default.aspx?newsid=513 Accessed on 20 January 2011
Sabrie, Mohamad Mohamad Salleh. Entrepreneurship Survey Among Malaysian Youths 2010. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/28127075/Entrepreneurship-Survey-Among-Malaysian-Youths-2010 Accessed on 28 January 2011
Social Earth, ‘Singapore Launches New Youth Social Entrepreneur Program’, March 2010. Available at http://www.socialearth.org/singapore-launches-new-youth-social-entrepreneur-program# Accessed on 20 January 2011
Tee, Eddie. The Young Do-gooders Who Profit from their Ethics, February 2010. Available at http://www.cnngo.com/singapore/shop/singapores-student-social-entrepreneurs-347424 Accessed on 28 January 2011
www.civilsociety.co.uk
www.socialenterprise.org.uk
www.ashoka.org/social_entrepreneur
www.asiaiix.com
http://pacap.org.ph
http://www.brac.net
http://www.pda.or.th/eng
http://www.changefusion.org

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Emergence of Private Security Organizations in West Africa

"In the sub region, the recent trend in privatising security can be seen with the emergence of 'high walls, massive gates, uniformed security men and ferocious dogs' . Private security organisations can be discussed under two broad groups, namely: organised private security organisations such as private security companies that are registered as business ventures and are established with the aim of making profits.

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Sources:

Searchlight Centre for Democracy and Development, May 2011, pg 3:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/CDD_May2011.pdf#page=3

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Increased Access to Education, Skilled Jobs Leads to Declining Marriage, Fertility in Southeast Asia

In Southeast Asia, as women achieve higher levels of education and enter skilled jobs, marriage and fertility rates are declining.

From Noviscape:

"Countries demonstrating the trend toward delayed marriage include Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, Singapore and, to a lesser extent, Indonesia."

"Fertility is also on the decline... especially among the ethnic Chinese and Indians (for example in Singapore and Malaysia), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, and most of Indonesia."

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Growing Religious Fundamentalism a Threat to Women's Rights in Southeast Asia

Growing religious fundamentalism in Southeast Asia is pushing women further into traditional roles. According to Noviscape, "among Muslim communities in Southeast Asia, there has been a rise in conservative Islamic forces, delimiting women’s freedom by reinscribing a strict dress code, prohibiting conversion, and placing restrictions around marriage across religious groups."

"In Indonesia and Malaysia, limits have been placed on movement of women through legislation. The influence of religion on government policy, particularly on sexual rights, has also been strong."

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RIse of the "Feminized Sector" in Southeast Asia

Governments in some countries in Asia are turning to immigrant labor to meet the needs of their aging populations. According to Noviscape, traditionally, migrant labor in the region was predominantly male, "the supply has increased due to farm mechanization and the lack of available jobs in their home countries. As a result, large numbers of young rural women have been forced out of their home villages to take unskilled or low-skilled work in cities in their own countries, or overseas."

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Motorcycles a Major Pollutant in Vietnam, Water Transport a Potential Solution

Motorcycles are a major source of transportation in Vietnam, and they look to become even more ubiquitous in the coming years. While the economy is growing, its unlikely most citizens will be able to afford cars and they are likely to opt instead for motorcycles. However, this comes with huge environmental and safety consequences.

While there are potential solutions, including bicycle infrastructure and water transportation, government response has been tepid, documents indicate, because they see rising sea levels and fresh water shortages as greater environmental threats. From SFG:

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Sources:

SFG June 2011, page 16, 17:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_June 2011.pdf#page=16

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Gender Disparities in Wages, Work and Vocational Training in Indonesia

There is are large gender disparities in the work world in Indonesia. These disparities are also present in the vocational education system, and they may ultimately make the government push towards vocational education ineffective.

Work world:
"The wage structure of women workers has increased, [but] it is still significantly lower, 78% of what men make on an average."

"The unemployment rate for women is higher than that of men. In 2009, the unemployment rate for women was 8.47% as compared to that of men at 7.5%."

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Sources:

SFG June 2011, page 14:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_June 2011.pdf#page=14
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