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Migration of Seniors a Future Force in Southeast Asia, Could Create "Universal Design" Cities

Seniors are migrating around Southeast Asia, some to retire and some to find work. This creates a potential for Universal Design cities—built environments designed to be usable by anyone regardless of disability.

While Noviscape does mention "senior Singaporeans... finding employment as highly-skilled professionals, entrepreneurs, and investors in Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and China" it mostly
discusses those traveling to retire:

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Formalization of the Social Sector

"An organization of social businesses has slowly evolved over time in the free and fiercely competitive Asia-Pacific market. Social enterprise represents a current organizational set-up, while an unpopular cooperative can be considered as the first wave of social entrepreneurial organization (Curl, 2009).

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 11: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=11


Bessant, J. and Caffyn,S. (1997) High involvement innovation, International Journal of Technology Management, Vol:14, Pages:7-28
Bosma, N. and Levie, J. (2010) Global Entrepreneurship Monitor: 2009 Global Report, Global Entrepreneurship Research Association (GERA).
Curl, J. (2009) For All The People: Uncovering the Hidden History of Cooperation, Cooperative Movements, and Communalism in America, PM Press.
Dees, J. G. (1998) The Meaning of “Social Entrepreneurship”, Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, October 31, 1998.
Mahathir, M. (2009) Fatal Consluences?, in Esack, F. and Chiddy, S. (eds.) Islam and AIDS, OneWorld Publications.
Piper, J. M. (1993) Rice in South-East Asia: Cultures and Landscapes.UK: Oxford University Press.
Witkin, J. (2009) Innovation at the Bottom of the Pyramid in Green: A Blog About Energy and the Environment, September 18, 2009, The New York Times.
Zahra, S. A., Rawhouser, H. N., Bhawe, N. Neubaum, D. O., and Hayton, J. C. (2008) Globalization of Social Entrepreneurship Opportunities, Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, Vol. 2, pp.. 117 - 131.

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UK & Australia Gov'ts Support Social Entrepreneurship in SE Asia

"The Philippines government launched the Philippines-Australia Community Assistance Program (PACAP), aiming to reduce poverty and achieve sustainable development partly through social entrepreneurship. The program was set up as a grant and mentoring program to help community entrepreneurs develop their community development projects. PACAP has worked with over 500 NGOs and grass-roots organizations to support over a thousand community-based projects, benefiting 250,000 poor people. During its last phase (2005 - 2010) PACAP funded almost 500 more projects.

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 15: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=15


Hamm, Steve. Social Entrepreneurs Turn Business Sense to Good, Business Week, November 2008. Available at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_49/b4111048005937.htm Accessed on 31 January 2011
International Entrepreneurship, ‘Entrepreneurship in Cambodia’, April 2009. Available at http://www.internationalentrepreneurship.com/asia_entrepreneur/cambodia_entrepreneur.asp Accessed on 28 January 2011
Jingga, Intan. Social Entrepreneurship in Small Business. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/34692032/Social-Entrepreneurship-in-Small-BusinessAccessed on 28 January 2011
Mahalingam, Eugene. “Push Needed for Social Entrepreneurship”, StarBizWeek, November 2010. Available at http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/11/6/business/7372284&sec=business Accessed on 28 January 2011
Nabia, Jovel O., Social Entrepreneurship in the Philippines, Business World. October 2010. Available at http://www.bworldonline.com/main/content.php?id=19157 Accessed on 31 January 2011
Pham Kieu Oanh, “Social Enterprise and Community Development Projects”, September 2010. Available at http://vacne.org.vn/en/default.aspx?newsid=513 Accessed on 20 January 2011
Sabrie, Mohamad Mohamad Salleh. Entrepreneurship Survey Among Malaysian Youths 2010. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/28127075/Entrepreneurship-Survey-Among-Malaysian-Youths-2010 Accessed on 28 January 2011
Social Earth, ‘Singapore Launches New Youth Social Entrepreneur Program’, March 2010. Available at http://www.socialearth.org/singapore-launches-new-youth-social-entrepreneur-program# Accessed on 20 January 2011
Tee, Eddie. The Young Do-gooders Who Profit from their Ethics, February 2010. Available at http://www.cnngo.com/singapore/shop/singapores-student-social-entrepreneurs-347424 Accessed on 28 January 2011
www.civilsociety.co.uk
www.socialenterprise.org.uk
www.ashoka.org/social_entrepreneur
www.asiaiix.com
http://pacap.org.ph
http://www.brac.net
http://www.pda.or.th/eng
http://www.changefusion.org

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Increased Access to Education, Skilled Jobs Leads to Declining Marriage, Fertility in Southeast Asia

In Southeast Asia, as women achieve higher levels of education and enter skilled jobs, marriage and fertility rates are declining.

From Noviscape:

"Countries demonstrating the trend toward delayed marriage include Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, Singapore and, to a lesser extent, Indonesia."

"Fertility is also on the decline... especially among the ethnic Chinese and Indians (for example in Singapore and Malaysia), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, and most of Indonesia."

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HackerSpaces, Digital Communities on the Rise in Southeast Asia, Bring Innovation and Political Change

Digital communities have been highly influential in Southeast Asia. Real world spaces for digital communities, such as hackerspaces (a location where people with common interests, usually in computers, technology, science or digital or electronic art can meet, socialise and/or collaborate), blogger conferences and BarCamps (is an international network of user-generated conferences) "further fix that social space into a physical place, and act as a guild or local hub connected to a global network of like-minded digital citizens."

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Urbanization, Mobile Phones, Aging, NGOs and Media Shaping GLBTQ Identity in Southeast Asia

In Southeast Asia, GLBTQ people have traditionally been seen as being of "alternate genders," as opposed to western countries which, Noviscape asserts, "usually view that same-sex attraction and transgender expressions imply identities composed of positions on the dimensions sex, gender, sexual orientation and gender identity."

However, new identities, somewhat strongly influenced by Western notions of homosexuality, are emerging in Southeast Asia.

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RIse of the "Feminized Sector" in Southeast Asia

Governments in some countries in Asia are turning to immigrant labor to meet the needs of their aging populations. According to Noviscape, traditionally, migrant labor in the region was predominantly male, "the supply has increased due to farm mechanization and the lack of available jobs in their home countries. As a result, large numbers of young rural women have been forced out of their home villages to take unskilled or low-skilled work in cities in their own countries, or overseas."

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Palm Oil Waste Can Provide Thailand with Energy, Jobs, Water

Thailand is finding ways to turn a big problem—2.5 million cubic meters of waste water generated from palm oil mills and around 12 million ton fresh fruit bunch (FFB) of waste—into a source of energy, water and employment.

Methane capture projects (MCP) have been established in Krabi and Trang provinces. MCPs recycle the waste water and use the GHGs emitted from the mills to produce electricity, which has supplied 2000 households in the rural areas of Krabi province. MCPs are expected to reduce 90,000 tons of carbon foot print every year.

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Sources:

SFG June 2011, page 18:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_June 2011.pdf#page=18

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Motorcycles a Major Pollutant in Vietnam, Water Transport a Potential Solution

Motorcycles are a major source of transportation in Vietnam, and they look to become even more ubiquitous in the coming years. While the economy is growing, its unlikely most citizens will be able to afford cars and they are likely to opt instead for motorcycles. However, this comes with huge environmental and safety consequences.

While there are potential solutions, including bicycle infrastructure and water transportation, government response has been tepid, documents indicate, because they see rising sea levels and fresh water shortages as greater environmental threats. From SFG:

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Sources:

SFG June 2011, page 16, 17:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_June 2011.pdf#page=16

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Vietnam Brings Vocational Training to its Poverty Stricken Regions

The Northern Mountainous and Central regions of Vietnam have a population of 2.4 million, of which 1.3 million are employable. However, only around 9% of the people are high school graduates.

"The government... is providing vocational education to the people of the region, which will provide opportunities for rural unskilled workers to take up skilled employment. Till November 2009, nearly 3000 laborers were trained for specific skills such as welding, tourism, hospitality and construction in the vocational institutes."

Implications:

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Sources:

SFG June 2011, page 14:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_June 2011.pdf#page=14
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